In contemporary discussion on legal education two contradictory narratives come to the fore: the orthodox and unorthodox one. First one puts emphasis on foreseeability, rationality, certainty and underlines neutrality and universality of legal tools. The second one, on the contrary, brings our attention to contextuality and inevitable discretionality of legal reasoning. In this narrative, law – similarly to the society as such – is the result of conflicts of values and incompatible interests. The orthodox narrative, which roots date back to the Enlightenment and political doctrines of liberalism, typical for Western democracies, depicts legal education as an apolitical process during which students being introduced to arcanes of legal knowledge are taught a distance necessary to assimilate with abstract and general rules of legal discourse. The aim of this process is to produce “abstract lawyer” (lawyer per se) – the imagined individual who perceives itself as transparent, rational and thoughtful. The unorthodox narrative, being inspired by social sciences and noticeably distancing itself from modernist values, is not limiting itself solely to formulating suspicions and accusations, seeing in law exclusively tools of power and establishment of hegemony. In its critique, it underlines, that the orthodox narrative mainly supports processes of forgetting that law, and legal education as such, is historically, culturally and socially mediated. A clear-cut recognition, that law is an arbitrary social construct, as B. Latour pointed out, entails quitting the game before its start.
The relation between the orthodox and unorthodox narratives should not be deemed as exclusive and does not imply that one should replace the other. On the contrary, in spite of contrary character of these narratives, both might be authentic and supplementing each other. This is because of different political roles of legal education – the ultimate win of one falsifies itself. So if we look at the legal education, as a “fully-fledged” object of research rather than a simple material of research, and we approach legal education as practical activity of crucial importance, it would soon turn out that it constitutes neglected sphere of social ontology of law. We should also remember that ignored and unquestioned ontology becomes metaphysics. Taking legal education seriously leads us to the next theoretical settlement: curriculum is not merely about what should be taught, but it encompasses action and purpose. Legal education therefore is part of social process of reproduction, in other words it is a goal-oriented process of modeling of actors ready to play its professional roles. Transmission of knowledge is inherently connected with modeling of personality, instilling hermetic ways of thinking; it is value-oriented action aiming to model perception of reality.
This process aims to neutralize and therefore legitimize reality, in which future legal adepts will practice. Education however, as J. Dewey pointed out, not only aims to provide one experience freely available and useful in other experiences, a real legal education should provide means of understanding and giving meaning to what is still happening and what has to be done yet.
The preparation for legal practice not only requires some co-ordination between training centers with respect to the effectiveness, methods and utility of the training offered, in other words, some planning and designing of social roles of embodied by legal professions. Against this background we can observe two distinct educational profiles: that of a lawyer –academic (Academia) and that of a lawyer- practitioner (Practice). In our opinion there also is a third possibility: lawyers training constitutes a distinct hitherto unidentified and poorly researched element of legal discourse separate from academic knowledge and practice. Aforementioned need for coordination can be put into effect not only within the official (overt) curricula, but also, and above all, through the so-called hidden curricula. The notion of a hidden curriculum is based on the premise that the means of achieving the official goal of an educational process are as important as the goal itself and its justification.
Common awareness of the need to strengthen social awareness and responsibility in legal education is inadequate. The initial hypothesis of our workshop is the proposition that the functioning of the hidden curriculum in lawyers training guarantees the effectiveness of education but is counterproductive in terms of its utility. Such training contradicts its official as well as political and philosophical claims. Thus, lawyers training, whose aim is to “shape” socially desirable competencies, becomes dysfunctional and often achieves the opposite results.
Another hypothesis that we would like to examine during the workshop is the notion of local conditions of legal education and consequently social ontology of law. Since legal education is a set of practices, and practices are formed in the local context, that would mean that different context shapes different educational practices. To this end, our workshop brings together scholars from different parts of Europe, especially allowing mutual cooperation between Western/Anglo-Saxon and Eastern/continental scholars. Moreover, we take a view that that the subject of legal education is neglected and somewhat overlooked in the continental tradition of legal positivism. Meanwhile legal education has been great subject of interests of American realists, it has escaped the attention of positivist continental legal scholars. The question which naturally arises is whether this constitutes an institutional oversight or is it a conscious strategy to accomplish some hidden goals? Or maybe this is simply obvious consequence of positivism – since law as such is given and objective, so it is model of legal education and legal teaching is therefore deemed as purely technicist practice.
In the light of the mentioned problems, our workshop aims:
(1) to inspire and enhance discussion on legal education in conjunction with the role of law in society, especially touching such issues as:
- The position of political philosophy in legal education;
- Is postmodernistic legal education possible?
- What does pedagogy can bring into methodology of law teaching?
(2) to present of the basic problems of legal education against the background of political changes after 1989 and contemporary political
challenges (so-called Post-Soviet, CEE and Western Democracies), especially touching such issues as:
- A role and position of legal education in transformation from authoritarianism to democracy
- comparative studies of models and methods of legal educationIs postmodernistic legal education possible?
(3) to elaborate institutional and doctrinal strategies, which lead to better understanding of social ontology of law:
- Can we speak of Western and Central-Eastern social ontology of legal education?
- Should we focus on changes in legal curriculum?
- Workshop is open to all potentially interested scholars, but due to limited number of participants, there will be selection of participants. Abstracts of no more than 500 words should be submitted to Michał Stambulski via email: email@example.com with affiliation by 30 of November 2017.
- Workshop date: 19-20 July 2018 (arrival at 18 and departure on 21 July)
- A Registration Fee is payable by all participants – 75€ for employed and 55€ for students, unemployed, or retired persons. All potential participants are kindly informed that we are not able to offer any scholarships.
- After the workshop, publication is planned.
- Organizers: Centre for Legal Education and Social Theory (CLEST), International Institute for the Sociology of Law Oñati.
- The Residencia Anita, belonging to the lnstitute, could offer accommodation. The price for a single room there per night is 28€ and 42€ for a double room.